Educology

Knowledge of Education


Criterial Knowing That

'Criterial knowing that' is mental structures for rational judgement of kinds of objects and their relationships according to a norm.

Prerequisite to 'criterial knowing that' are 'instantial knowing that' and 'relational knowing that'.

See also: intrinsically good, worthwhile education, worthwhile content.


The following conditions must be met in order for a teacher (T) to determine that a student (S) knows the criteria of that Q, the object of knowing:

S knows the criteria of that Q if and only if

  1. S believes that Q. 
  2. S is in a position to know that Q. 
  3. S correctly believes that Q. 
  4. S presents a justificatory argument to establish the credibility of criteria of that Q. 
  5. S demonstrates the relevancy and fruitfulness of criteria of that Q. 
  6. Q is a state of affairs. 
  7. T knows that the above conditions hold in order that S knows the criteria of that Q.
(George Maccia, cited in Frick [1997, p. 113]).

See further explication and examples.