Instantial Knowing That

'Instantial knowing that' is mental structures for classification of objects of the same kind.


The following conditions must be met in order for a teacher (T) to determine that a student (S) can instantiate Q, the object of knowing:

S instantiates Q if and only if

  1. S believes that Q. 
  2. S identifies Q as an instance of a kind. 
  3. S correctly believes Q. 
  4. Q is a state of affairs. 
  5. T knows that the above conditions hold in order that S identify Q.

(George Maccia, cited in Frick [1997, p. 113]).

See futher explication and examples.

See also kinds of knowing.