Recognitive Knowing That One

'Recognitive knowing that one' is mental structures for selecting the unique Q from not-Q and not-Q from Q. 


The following conditions must be met in order for a teacher (T) to determine that a student (S) has learned to recognize Q, the object of knowing:

S recognizes Q if and only if

  1. S believes that Q.
  2. S is completely justified in believing that Q.
  3. No other statement or belief defeats S's belief that Q.
  4. S selects Q from not Q and not Q from Q.
  5. Q is a state of affairs.
  6. T knows that the above conditions hold in order that S recognize Q.

(George Maccia, cited in Frick [1997, p. 115]).

See further explication and examples.

See also kinds of knowing.